Our primary sources include the Glossary of Psychological Terms from the American Psychological Association, the book Brain: The Complete Mind by Michael Sweeney, and the Medical Dictionary of Health Terms from Harvard Medical School.

Please use the menu at the top of this page for quick access to various terms.



A popular treatment based on Chinese medicine. The needles are inserted into the skin at specific points of the body. The therapy is used to treat pain and various health problems and to reduce stress. MindSpa’s long term professional acupuncturist is Rachel Toomim.


Loss of control over indulging in a substance or performing an action or behavior, and continued craving for it despite negative consequences. Learn about MindSpa’s brain-based Intensive Outpatient Addiction Treatment Program (IOP). The Program is ideal for busy professionals with a convenient schedule after hours and on Saturday morning.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – A common disorder in which individuals have difficulty concentrating, multitasking and are easily distracted. Affects 4-5 percent of children and may continue into adolescence and adulthood.

Adrenal Glands

Glands produce hormones and regulates metabolism and blood flow and volume. Plays an active role in the fight or flight response.

Allied Health Professional

Includes many specialists including dental hygienists, dietitians, medical technologists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, radiographers, and speech language pathologists. Allied health professionals comprise nearly 60 percent of the healthcare workforce. Visit the Our Team page to learn about our allied health professionals.

Alpha Waves

Brain waves common at times of relaxed alertness; important state for learning and using new information.

Alzheimer’s Disease

The most common cause of dementia, primarily affecting memory, cognitive thinking, and reasoning; affects nearly all brain functions.


An almond-shaped section of the forebrain. This component of the limbic system plays a central role in response to fear and terror.


Having a lower than normal amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin (an oxygen-carrying protein) leading to low energy, weakness, and other symptoms.


An eating disorder in which an individual weighs less than 85 percent of his or her expected weight but still controls eating because of a self-perception of obesity.

Anterior Temporal Cortex

This region of the temporal cortex stores facial memory and plays a key role in facial recognition and identification.


A molecule that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules. Oxidation is a chemical reaction that can produce free radicals, leading to chain reactions that may damage cells. Antioxidants such as ascorbic acid (vitamin C) terminate these chain reactions.


An intense emotional response caused by the preconscious recognition that a repressed conflict is about to emerge into consciousness.

Anxiety Disorders

Mental disorders marked by physiological arousal, feelings of tension, and intense apprehension without apparent reason.

Associative Learning

A process in which learning occurs by associating an action with its consequences.


A blood vessel disease characterized by hardening of artery walls due to the buildup of fatty deposits.


A movement disorder linked to overactive basal ganglia and characterized by slow movement.


The learned, relatively stable tendency to respond to people, concepts, and events in an evaluative way.


Also known as ear acupuncture, this form of alternative medicine is based on the idea that the ear is a micro system which reflects the entire body. Conditions affecting the physical, mental, or emotional health of the patient are assumed to be treatable by stimulation of the surface of the ear exclusively. Our acupuncture physician Rachel Toomim has expertise in this form of alternative medicine.


One of a group of developmental disorders characterized by significant communication and social interaction impairments and unusual interests and behavior.

Autonomic Nervous System

Refers to the involuntary nervous system; consists of visceral motor fibers that activate the heart, digestive track, and glands.


The electrically sensitive fiber of a neuron responsible for the transmission of information away from the nerve cell.


Basal Ganglia

A group of nuclei consisting of the caudate nucleus, putamen, and globus pallidus. It’s believed to play a role in movement regulation and coordination.


The Bio-Acoustical Utilization Device (BAUD) was invented by medical psychologist Dr. Frank Lawlis. The neuro-modulation device works through neuro-acoustic stimulation to help people cope with intense emotions, impulses and physical symptoms including pain. MindSpa staff have expertise with The BAUD; watch the video.


The science of predicting and controlling behavior through the use of stimuli and conditioned responses.

Beta Waves

Brain waves associated with active mental states, such as problem solving and critical thinking.


Acceptance that a particular idea or statement is true; the belief is not immediately susceptible to rigorous proof.


The study of the transformation of energy in living organisms. A system of alternative psychotherapy based on the belief that emotional healing can be aided through resolution of body tension. Dr. Cynthia Higgins with MindSpa has expertise with Bioenergetics as an Integrated Energy Therapy (IET) practitioner.


A self-regulatory technique by which an individual acquires voluntary control over non-conscious biological processes. Dr. George Rozelle is a Senior Fellow with the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance (BCIA).

Bipolar Disorder

A neurological condition characterized by extreme mood swings from mania to depression.

Board Certified

It’s the process by which a physician or other professional in the U.S. demonstrates a mastery of basic knowledge and skills through written, practical or simulator-based training. Dr. George Rozelle with MindSpa is a board certified neurotherapist.

Body Mass Index (BMI)

The BMI is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual. The BMI is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body height. It is expressed in units of kilograms (mass) and meters (height).

Body Work

A term used in alternative medicine to describe any therapeutic or personal development technique that involves working with the human body in a form involving manipulative therapy, breath work, or energy medicine. Some of the common forms include yoga, reiki, deep tissue massage therapy, tai chi, qigong, chiropractic, and crainosacral therapy. Visit the MindSpa Spa Services page to learn more.

Brain Mapping

Describes a comprehensive assessment of brain function through computer assisted analysis of the EEG. Surface electrodes record brain wave signals which can be viewed on a computer screen and stored for analysis. Dr. George Rozelle with MindSpa is a widely recognized expert in Brain Mapping.

Brain Music Therapy

Refers to the enhancement of human capabilities through the planned use of music on brain functioning. The therapy triggers whole brain processes and functioning which directly affect one’s cognitive abilities. Learn more about Brain Music Therapy.

Bulimia Nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by measures to purge the body of the excess calories.



Refers to a class of mainly yellow, orange or red fat-soluble pigments, including carotene, which give color to plant parts such as ripe tomatoes and autumn leaves.

Case Management

The collaborative process by professionals to assess, plan, coordinate, evaluate, and advocate an individual’s health needs.


The process of expressing strongly felt but usually repressed emotions.

Cellular Imprints

Involve the cellular memory areas; typically make their presence known by manifesting anywhere in the physical, mental, emotional, or spiritual body. The presence of undesirable imprints creates limiting beliefs that undermine human potential.

Cellular Memory Area

The active or working sites for energetic exchange during Integrated Energy Therapy (IET). Dr. Cynthia Higgins with MindSpa is an IET instructor and practitioner.

Central Nervous System

This human body system includes the brain and spinal cord which serve as a control hub for integrating incoming sensory information and motor responses.


Region of the brain that is most responsible for producing smooth, coordinated muscle movement.

Cerebral Cortex

The outermost part of the brain responsible for creativity, planning, language, and human perception.


The region of the brain that regulates higher cognitive and emotional functions.


Someone who treats disease by manipulation and adjustment of body structures including the spine.


A waxy, fat-like substance found in all cells of the body. The human body needs some cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and substances that help with digestion. Cholesterol is also found in some foods and that can lead to excess cholesterol in the body.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

A disorder of tiredness that doesn’t improve with normal rest and that is also not caused by another illness.

Client-centered Therapy

A humanistic approach to treatment that emphasizes the healthy psychological growth of the individual based on the assumption that most people share the tendency toward self-actualization.

Clinical Psychologist

An individual who has earned a doctorate in psychology and comprehensive training in the assessment and treatment of psychological problems. MindSpa’s team of psychologists include Dr. George Rozelle, Dr. Rebecca Merz, and Dr. Julie Hutchins-Wilson.


Process of knowing, including attending, remembering, and reasoning; also refers to the content of the processes such as concepts and memories.

Cognitive Development

The development of processes of knowing including: imagining, perceiving, reasoning, and problem solving.

Cognitive Dissonance

The theory that the tension-producing effects of incongruous cognitions motivate individuals to reduce such tension.

Cognitive Restructuring

A psychotherapeutic process that helps patients learn to dispute irrational or maladaptive thoughts. Examples include all-or-nothing thinking, magical thinking, filtering, over-generalization, and emotional reasoning.

Cognitive Therapy

A type of psychotherapeutic treatments that attempts to change feelings and behaviors by changing the way a client things about or perceives significant life experiences.


A high-velocity impact injury to the brain that may interfere with movement, balance, speech, and memory. It can have short and long term effects. Dr. George Rozelle with MindSpa is an expert in helping people of all ages and walks of life cope with concussion-based symptoms. That includes athletes, veterans, contractors, and more. Learn more about concussion management at MindSpa.


The tendency for people to adopt the behaviors, attitudes, and values of other members of a reference group.


A state of awareness of internal events and of the external environment.

Craniosacral Therapy

A form of bodywork focused on regulating the flow of cerebrospinal fluid by the use of therapeutic touch to manipulate the synarthrodial joints of the cranium. MindSpa’s Ken DiPersio, LMT, CST is a respected expert of this therapy with 25 years clinical experience. He has also taught more than 500 classes. Learn more about the benefits of this therapy.


Daily Value (DV)

DV is a term on food labels based on the RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) designed to help consumers use food label information to plan a healthy diet. The DV serves as a basis for declaring on the label the percent of the DV for each nutrient that a serving of the good provides.

Delta Waves

Brain waves which occur most often during sleep or periods of unconsciousness.


False or irrational beliefs maintained despite clear evidence to the contrary.


Term for a group of symptoms caused by disease, infection, or trauma resulting in a loss of mental functions that interfere with daily life.


Branching fibers of axons that act as receptors of information. These receive messages from other neurons and deliver them to the main body of the nerve cell.


A defense mechanism characterized by the inability to recognize or admit that addiction is the cause of problems, rather than a solution or mere byproduct. Denial can also refer to the refusal to accept an upsetting reality, such as a serious illness or death.


A state of mind with a range of conditions and consequences. The most severe form interferes with normal daily activities. It can occur as a single episode after significant trauma or repeatedly throughout life.


The process of removing harmful or toxic substances from a person’s body.

Developmental Psychology

The branch of psychology concerned with interaction between physical and psychological processes and with stages of growth from conception throughout the entire life span.

Dissociative Disorder

A personality disorder marked by a disturbance in the integration of identify, memory, or consciousness.

Dream Analysis

The psychoanalytic interpretation of dreams used to gain insight into a person’s unconscious motives or conflicts. Dr. Rebecca Merz with MindSpa has a lot of experience doing dream analysis.


A learning disability of neurological origin that impairs the ability to process language, leading to difficulty in spelling, reading, and writing.


A chronic depression less severe than major depression characterized by symptoms of depression nearly daily for over two years.



The aspect of personality involved in self-preservation activities and in directing instinctual drives and urges into appropriate channels.


The inability of a person to take the perspective of another person.

Ego Defense Mechanisms

Mental strategies (conscious or unconscious) used by the ego to defend itself against conflicts experienced in the normal course of life.

Electroencephalography (EEG)

A test that measures the electrical activity of the brain. Dr. George Rozelle with MindSpa is board certified with this technology.

Electromyography (EMG)

A technique for evaluating and recording the electrical activity produced by skeletal muscles. EMG is performed using an instrument called an electromyograph to produce a record called an electromyogram. An electromyograph detects the electrical potential generated by muscle cells when these cells are electrically or neurologically activated. The signals can be analyzed to detect medical abnormalities.


A spontaneous occurring mental state characterized by strong feeling and often accompanied by physiological and behavior changes. Emotions can be positive or negative.

Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT)

The EFT is a form of psychological acupressure based on the same energy meridians used in traditional acupuncture to treat physical and emotional ailments, but without the invasiveness of needles. Darlene Coleman with MindSpa is a certified EFT professional as well as a certified life coach.

Emotional Intelligence

Type of intelligence defined as the ability to perceive, appraise, and express emotions accurately and appropriately, to use emotions to support thinking, to understand and analyze emotions, to use emotions effectively, and to regulate one’s emotions to promote personal growth.


Substances in the body that reduce pain and create a feeling of well-being.

Energy Medicine

Energy medicine, energy therapy, energy healing, and spiritual healing are branches of alternative medicine. Many schools of energy healing exist today to advance specific ideas such as biofield energy healing, spiritual healing, distant healing, therapeutic touch, Reiki, and Qigong. Dr. Cynthia Higgins with MindSpa has expertise with Energy Medicine as an Integrated Energy Therapy instructor and practitioner.

Energy Psychology

A branch of medicine that recognizes humans don’t just experience an illness as a product of biochemistry. Illness is a complex interplay of mental, emotional and spiritual dynamics.

Enteric Nervous System

Part of the nervous system that controls the gastrointestinal system.


A complex protein produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.

Essential Amino Acids

This form of amino acid cannot be synthesized by the organism. It must be supplied through the diet. They include phenylalanine, valine, threonine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, and histidine.


A feeling or state of intense excitement and happiness.



A chronic disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue and tenderness in localized areas of the body.


A group of plant metabolites through to provide health benefits through cell signaling pathways and antioxidant effects. The molecules are found in a variety of fruits and vegetables. Some of the best known include quercetin, kaempferol, catechins, and anthocyanidins.

Floatation Tank

Also known as an isolation tank, the light and soundproof tank provides an environment where subjects float in salt water at skin temperature. They were first introduced in 1954 to test the effects of sensory deprivation. Today, they are mostly used for deep relaxation and meditation. MindSpa has two floatation tanks.

Functional Medicine

This form of medicine addresses the underlying causes of a disease using a systems-oriented approach and engaging the patient and practitioner in a therapeutic partnership. Leah Bishop with MindSpa has expertise with functional medicine as an Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner (ARNP).


Gamma Waves

Brain waves that occurs continuously in all states except for non-dreaming sleep; they are believed to promote various brain functions and especially memory.

Glycemic Index (GI)

The GI measures how a carbohydrate-containing food raises blood glucose. The human body performs best when the blood sugar is kept relatively constant. A drop in blood sugar can lead to a feeling of lethargy and increased hunger. High blood sugar signals the brain to secrete more insulin.


Hemoencephalography (HEG)

Form of neurofeedback; feeds back data on blood flow into the brain to the clinician and patient.

Hierarchy of Needs

Abraham Maslow’s view that basic human motives form a hierarchy and that the needs at each level of the hierarchy must be satisfied before the next level can be achieved; these needs progress from basic biological needs to the need for transcendence.


Region of the brain aiding in converting new information to long-term memory.


A state of equilibrium referring to the body’s ability to remain internally stable while external environments vary.


Powerful chemicals that affect many processes in the body, including sexual function, mood and growth.

Human Potential Movement

The therapy movement focused on practices and methods that release the potential of the average human being for greater levels of performance and greater richness of experience.

Humanistic Perspective

A psychological model emphasizing a person’s capacity to make rational choices that develops their potential.


Also know as high blood pressure or arterial hypertension. It’s a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. Blood pressure is expressed in two measurements, the systolic and diastolic pressure. They represent the maximum and minimum pressures respectively in the arterial system.


An altered state of awareness characterized by deep relaxation, susceptibility to suggestions, and changes in perception, memory, motivation, and self-control. Darlene Coleman with MindSpa does hypnosis along with Emotional Freedom Technique, Neurolinguistic Programming, and Life Coaching.


Brain region located directly above the brain stem. It’s the center of emotion response and it also regulates body temperature, hunger, thirst, and sleeping.



The primitive, unconscious part of the personality that operates irrationally and acts on impulse to pursue pleasure.


Part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli such as pathogens, damaged cells or other irritants. It’s a protective response that involves immune cells, blood vessels and molecular mediators.

Infrared Sauna

The technology involves the use of infrared heaters to emit infrared light experienced as radiant heat which is absorbed by the surface of the skin. Traditional saunas heat the body primarily by conduction and convection from the heated air and by radiation of the heated surfaces in the sauna room. Used as a tool for natural healing and prevention including anti-aging health benefits. Learn more about MindSpa’s Infrared Sauna.


Region of the cerebral cortex responsible for the recognition and perception of disgust in others.

Integrated Energy Therapy (IET)

One of the forms of Energy Psychology. It’s based on the fact that feelings and sensations are stored in the cells of the body much like facts are stored in the cells of the brain. Negative or traumatic experiences, stress, unexpressed emotion, fear, anger, resentment, or self-limiting beliefs can become stuck or suppressed in the body which inhibits the flow of vital life force at the cellular level. Dr. Cynthia Higgins with MindSpa is as an Integrated Energy Therapy instructor and practitioner.

Integrative Wellness

Also known as Integrated by some clinicians and practitioners. It combines alternative medicine with conventional allopathic medicine. Proponents assert than an integrative approach treats the whole persona and not just the disease or condition. This focus emphasizes the importance of the patient-clinician relationship.


The global capacity to profit from experience and to go beyond given information about the environment.



A hormone produced by fat cells that helps to regulate metabolism and food consumption.

Limbic System

Structures in the brain that help to control memory, emotions, sexual arousal, and motivation.

Lucid Dreaming

A theory that the awareness of dreaming is a learnable skill; this enables dreamers to control the content of their dreams.

Lymphatic Drainage

Manual lymphatic drainage is a type of gentle massage which encourages the natural drainage of the lymph nodes in the body which carries waste products away from the tissues. Learn more about massage therapy at MindSpa.



A prevailing mood and potential form of mental illness marked by periods of great excitement, euphoria, delusions, and over-activity. Most cases occur in the context of bipolar disorder and some expressions can be a side-effect to certain medications or substance abuse.

Massage Therapy

Massage therapy involves working and acting on the body with pressure – structured, unstructured, stationary, or moving. It can be done manually or with mechanical devices such as a vibrator. Massage promotes relaxation and a sense of wellness. There are dozens of different forms including acupressure, craniosacral therapy, shiatsu, Thai massage, and manual lymphatic drainage. Learn more about massage therapy at MindSpa.

Medial Temporal Lobe

Region of the brain that includes the hippocampus and amygdale. This area is vital to the formation, storage, and organization of memory.

Medulla Oblongata

Part of the brain stem that connects the spinal cord to higher brain centers. It also controls heartbeat and respiration.


A hormone produced in the pineal glands that helps regulate the sleep-wake cycle.

Mental Fitness

Refers to a condition of optimum mental health that helps a person to improve concentration and focus, handle stress more effectively, and enjoy a more fulfilling and happier life.

Migraine Headache

A severe headache with pain that usually begins on one side of the head; symptoms can include visual disturbances, nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light or noise.


A practice with its roots in Buddhism that encourages people to be more fully aware of the present moment; often achieved through meditation.

Myofascial Release

A form of body work therapy that treats immobility and pain by relaxing contracted muscles, improving blood circulation and stimulating the natural stretch reflex in muscles. Learn more about massage therapy at MindSpa.



The inability to regulate the human sleep-wake cycles; linked to the absence of or lowered amounts of hypocretin in the brain.

Naturopathic Medicine

A form of alternative medicine focused on a wide array of natural treatments including acupuncture, herbs, homeopathy, diet, and lifestyle counseling. Naturopaths favor a holistic approach with non-invasive treatment and generally avoid the use of surgery and drugs.


Refers to mental exercises that enhance brain performance. Learn about the MindSpa Brain Lab featuring helpful brain training tools and methods.


A nerve cell that is part of the central nervous system. Its function is to transmit information from electrical nerve impulses.

Neuromuscular Therapy (NMT)

NMT is an approach to soft tissue manual therapy in which quasi-static pressure is applied to soft tissue to stimulate skeletal striated muscle. Practitioners balance the central nervous system with the structure and form of the musculoskeletal system. Learn more about massage therapy at MindSpa.


Refers to the scientific study of the nervous system; traditionally seen as a branch of biology although it collaborates with many other fields including chemistry, computer science, engineering, linguistics, mathematics, medicine, genetics, and psychology.


Also called Neurofeedback and EEG Biofeedback; involves helping a person learn how to modify their brainwave activity to improve attention, reduce impulsivity, and control hyperactive behaviors.

Neuro-Linguistics (NLP)

An approach to human communication, personal development, and psychotherapy created in the 1970s. Techniques have been adopted by some therapists and professionals in the seminar business targeting corporate clients. Darlene Coleman with MindSpa is a NLP practitioner and Certified Life Coach.

Nexalin Technology

A FDA cleared treatment for anxiety, depression, and insomnia that uses a device to create a frequency waveform that affects key brain structures involved in the regulation of its neurochemistry. Data suggests the Nexalin waveform resets the hypothalamus of the brain without the introduction of pharmaceutical medication. MindSpa offers Nexalin; learn more.

Nonassociative Learning

Learning that occurs through repeated exposure to a stimulus with the result of either positive or negative consequences.


Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

An anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and or strong urges to perform countering actions (compulsions).

Operant Conditioning

A process of behavioral training in which a voluntary action is reinforced through reward or diminished through punishment.


Parasympathetic Nervous System

Part of the nervous system that calms body systems excited by the stress hormones.


The processes that organize information in the sensory image and interpret it as having been produced by properties of objects or events in the external, three-dimensional world.

Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)

The parts of the nervous system outside of the brain, brain stem, and spinal cord.


The unique psychological qualities of an individual that influence a variety of behavior patterns (both overt and covert) across different situations over time.


Chemicals produced by insects and animals that transmit messages to or affect the behavior of other individuals.


An unreasonable fear that may cause avoidance and panic.

Pituitary Gland

The so-called master gland located at the base of the brain. It controls and regulates the thyroid and other glands throughout the endocrine system.


The brain’s ability to reshape neural interactions.

Precentral Gyrus

Area of the cerebral cortex containing the primary motor complex located on the frontal lobe of each hemisphere. It’s responsible for human movement.

Prefrontal Cortex

Brain region located in the anterior frontal lobe; responsible for reasoning, planning, judgment, empathy, abstract ideas, and conscience.


A medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness, emotional disturbance and abnormal behavior. Most practitioners use a combination of medication and psychotherapy to help patients.


Symptoms and illnesses that have a psychological cause rather than a physical one.


The field of psychology that specializes in mental testing.


The research area that investigates interactions between psychological processes, such as response to stress and the functions of the immune system.


Refers to the scientific study of the effects drugs have on mood, sensation, thinking, and behavior.


A severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality.


General term for treating mental health problems by talking with a psychologist, psychiatrist or other trained mental health provider. The therapeutic process helps a patient to learn more about their condition, moods, feelings, thoughts, and behavior.


In parapsychology, a psychomanteum is a small, enclosed area set up with a comfortable chair, dim lighting, and a mirror angled so as not to reflect anything but darkness. It can be used to communicate on a deeper psychological level or to communicate in the spiritual realm. Some professionals use psychomanteum as a tool to resolve grief. Dr. Rebecca Merz with MindSpa has expertise with psychomanteum.

PTSD – Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Prolonged reaction to a traumatic event that can cause severe anxiety, sleep problems, depression, and substance abuse. Dr. George Rozelle with MindSpa has expertise helping veterans, athletes and people from all walks of life cope with PTSD symptoms.



An ancient Chinese health care system that integrates physical postures, breathing techniques and focused intention. Qi (pronounced chee) refers to the life force or vital energy that flows through all life. Qigong is one of the five branches of Classical Chinese Medicine along with acupuncture, massage, herbology, and nutrition.

Quantitative Electroencephalograpy (QEEG)

Refers to a field of study concerned with the numerical analysis of electoencephalography data and associated behavior correlates. QEEG has been accepted for clinical application in various areas including cerebrovascular disorders, epilepsy, and traumatic brain injury. Dr. George Rozelle with MindSpa is board certified with this technology.


Rapid Eye Movement Sleep (REM)

The fifth stage of sleep, characterized by high levels of activity in the cerebral cortex. This is the stage where dreaming occurs.


Refers to an alternative medicine involving application of pressure to the feet and hands with specific thumb, finger, and hand techniques without the use of oil or lotion. It is based on a system of zones and reflex areas that reflect and image of the body on the feet and hands with the premise that such work affects a physical change to the body. Learn more about massage therapy at MindSpa.



A chronic neurological disease of distorted thoughts and perceptions that effect men and women. Symptoms include delusions and hallucinations.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

This mood disorder is also known as winter depression, winter blues, summer depression, summer sadness, and seasonal depression. It usually begins and ends the same time each year. SAD’s prevalence in the U.S. ranges from 1.4 percent in Florida to 9.9 percent in Alaska.


This term was made popular by Abraham Maslow in his pioneer article, A Theory of Human Motivation. Maslow defines SA as the desire for self-fulfillment and the tendency for a person to become actualized in his full potential.


Conscious knowledge of one’s character, feelings, motives, and desires.


Confidence in one’s own worth and abilities; self-respect.

Semantic Memory

Stored knowledge of general facts and data.

Sensory Deprivation

Term associated with the use of the zero-gravity floatation tank. Learn more about MindSpa’s two floatation tanks and the benefits of Float Therapy.

Sensory Immersion

Refers to being immersed into an artificial or virtual reality that exists in a non-physical world. The perception is created by surrounding the person with images, sounds, and other stimuli that provide an engrossing total environment. Learn more about sensory immersion technology at MindSpa.


Inhibitory neurotransmitter that plays a role in sleep, mood regulation, memory, and learning.

Sleep Apnea

A sleep disorder in which an individual frequently stops breathing for short periods of time.

Somatic Nervous System

Also known as the voluntary nervous system, its part of the peripheral nervous system associated with skeletal muscle voluntary control of body movements.

Spectral Analysis

Technical term refers to the determination of the constitution or condition of bodies and substances by means of the spectra they produce.

Stem Cell

An unspecialized cell with the ability to grow and develop into other types of cells and tissues.

Stress Management

Refers to the wide spectrum of techniques and psychotherapies aimed at controlling a person’s stress level, and especially chronic stress since moderate stress is normal and even healthy.


Part of consciousness that is not currently in focal awareness.

Swedish Massage

This is one of the best-known type of bodywork in the massage tool kit. Its primary goal is to relax the entire body by rubbing the muscles with long gliding strokes in the direction of blood returning to the heart. The five basic strokes are effleurage (sliding or gliding), petrissage (kneading), tapotement (rhythmic tapping), friction (cross fiber or with the fibers) and vibration. Learn about massage therapy at MindSpa.


Tai Chi

Although it was originally practiced as a form of Chinese martial art, it is mostly known today as an excellent form of exercise with many health benefits.


Associated with the acupressure technique known as Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT), tapping replaces needles (acupuncture) as a way to input kinetic energy into specific meridians on the body while focusing on a particular problem or physical condition. The combination of tapping the energy meridians and voicing positive affirmation helps to clear the emotional block from a body’s bio-energy system. Darlene Coleman with MindSpa is an EFT practitioner with expertise in tapping.


The brain structure that relays sensory impulses to the cerebral cortex.

Theta Waves

These brain waves are experienced between waking and sleeping, during prayer, daydreaming, creativity, and intuition. They help to promote learning and memory development.


Refers to hearing a sound when no external sound is present. While often described as a ringing, it may also sound like a clicking, hiss or roaring. The sound may be soft, loud, low pitched, or high pitched. The sound can cause depression and anxiety.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

TBI occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. It can be classified based on severity, the form of injury, or other features. Dr. George Rozelle with MindSpa has expertise helping patients of all ages and backgrounds cope with TBI conditions and symptoms.

Transpersonal Psychology

A field of psychology which integrates spiritual and transcendent aspects of the human experience within the framework of psychology. Dr. Rebecca Merz with MindSpa earned a Doctorate Degree in Transpersonal Psychology.



The domain of the psyche that stores repressed urges and primitive impulses.



Optimal health incorporating the ability to function fully and actively over the physical, intellectual, emotional, spiritual, social, and environmental domains of human health.

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